Theoretical bases of some methods of experimental physics.
Physics as the science, having arisen during an epoch of antiquity, has passed a long and difficult way of development. In process of accumulation of a skilled material of scientists were convinced that the physical world represents an objective reality that it is used to know and can be described theoretically. It installed in them belief in an opportunity to understand laws which operate complex physical processes and the phenomena. The long period of accumulation of the scientific information has shown, that the boundless variety of the physical phenomena submits rather to a small number of fundamental laws. Actions of laws do not depend on will of people. Laws of the nature cannot be thought up, cancelled or destroyed. They can be opened, studied and effectively to use at the decision of the most complicated science technical problems.
Successful development of modern physics is substantially caused by activity of human reason. The same laws can be explained on the basis of different theoretical concepts. Formulations of laws as a rule only rather truly reflect the validity. They answer a level of knowledge and a mentality of the scientists generalizing the experimental facts. Fundamental experimental researches very complex and expensive. For their successful carrying out and correct interpretation of the received information theories adequately reflecting investigated processes and the phenomena are necessary. In the beginning of 20th century there was no the theory precisely describing a structure of an ether and character of its interaction with firm, liquid and gaseous objects. Therefore at the analysis of key experiments of modern physics approximate calculations on the basis of which incorrect conclusions were done were spent.
To exclude exclusive system of readout and to entitle to a life to a principle of a relativity of Einstein it was necessary to refuse an ether. However such approach to the decision of scientific problems is doomed to failure. It is possible to refuse the belief but to liquidate the strongwilled by really existing environment it is impossible. Actually contrary of Einstein immense open spaces of the Universe are filled by the world environment  an ether. The information on the world surrounding us radio waves (light, xray, a radio wave, etc.). The establishment of the wave nature of light and other radiations excludes any doubts about reliability of existence of an ether. Without environment the concept of a wave loses sense. Wave process is accompanied by carry of energy, and it without the material carrier  an ether  cannot be transferred. Radio waves come to us both from the farthest areas of the Universe, and from depths of atoms and nuclear kernels. Hence all space macro and a microcosm is filled by an ether.
When the fact of existence of an ether became obvious, scientists have directed the efforts to studying of its properties. In 1851 Phiso has lead experiment with the purpose of an establishment of character of interaction of an ether with moving objects. Results of experiment have shown, that moving water carries away an ether partially. The factor of carrying away Г for water is equal 0,46, that will well be coordinated with formula of Frenel
(1)
Where n  a parameter of refraction. At water n=1,333 [19] and, hence, α =0,437.
In view of good coordination of theoretical and experimental values Г for water of scientists have come to conclusion that the degree of carrying away an ether objects depends only on their parameter of refraction. At air n=1,000292 and according to the formula (1), the factor of increase Г = 0,0006 is very small. On the basis of it has been drawn a conclusion, that the air environment of the Earth practically should not carry away an ether and thus there is a basic opportunity to define speed of movement of the Earth concerning an ether. Lead with this purpose Mickelson in 1881 experiment has given negative result. There was an inconsistent situation. According to experience of Phiso the ether takes a great interest in objects partially, according to Mickelsons experience  completely.
The result of experience of Phiso has been explained by partial carrying away of an ether for moving water, but as it is well possible to explain it, believing that the ether completely carrying away in water. The running wave transfers energy. At transition of waves from an ether in a objects in constant size the stream of energy is
(2)
Where  density of kinetic energy of the particles in wave; C velocity of the light on ether; С_{1 } velocity of the light in object; ρ density of the ether; V_{max} maximum value of the amplitudes velocity of the variable particles of the airwaves.
Considering that in object space between atomic kernels and electrons is filled by ether, but volume occupied kernels and electrons very small oscillatory energy of the unit of the volume possible to present by expression
Where ρ_{т}  density of the object; ρ_{1}  density of the object with residing ether in him; V_{1max}  maximum amplitudes velocity of the fluctuation of the particles in object._{ }
Substituting values of W and W_{1} in equation (2):
Supposing that V and V_{1 } accordingly proportional to С and С_{1} last equation possible to write down in the form of
(3)
Whence density of the ether is:
(4)
Where n factor of the refraction.
The atomic kernels and electrons are in a suspension in ether. Therefore experimentally measured density of objects it is caused only by kernels and electrons. Density of the ether is automatically excluded. For the formula (4) of values ρ_{т }undertook from reference books. In spite of significant differences of density of taken objects were got relatively stable values of density of the ether. Average density of the ether is r=1,08 g/sm^{3}. When spreading the light in these objects amplitudes velocities is really proportional to velocities of the spreading of waves. For fluid and gaseous objects correlation (4) is not executed. For them it can be written down in the form of
^{ }
^{ } (5)
Now we shall install the dependency of velocity of the light in moving objects from velocity of their motion. If moving hard object completely leads away ether then for light, spreading in him possible to write equality
(6)
Where С_{Д} the velocity of the light in moving object rather motionless ether. Having equating right parts of the equations (3) and (6) find
^{ }
^{ }
If V<<C_{1} that C_{Д} under root possible to change on C_{1 }and then
If for objects correlation (4) is not executed, that last equation for them will write in the form of
(7)
Computable on this fascination factor formula α is 0.438, but for air 0.244. Thereby moving objects not partly but completely lead away the ether
Not struct analysis of the phenomenon of a star aberration has led to an erroneous conclusion about not carrying away an ether an air environment of the Earth. At not carried away ether at a forward wall of a telescope the shadow corner which size is equal should be formed
Supposed that thereof the star will be displaced from an axis of a telescope and to keep it on an axis, the telescope needs to be inclined on this corner aside movements. But it contradicts laws of optics. The axis of a telescope should be directed is perpendicular to front of a wave of light. But in this case beams will gather in focus of an eyepiece. Displacement of front of wave during passage by light of distance from a diaphragm up to an eyepiece it is equal to shares of millimeter and what that of appreciable influence on the image cannot render. Influence of such displacement of front of a wave will be similar to influence of a deviation of an aperture of a diaphragm of a telescope from the correct geometrical form. Thereby the aberration by means of not carried away ether is not explained. From a position of a carried away ether the phenomenon of an aberration is explained as follows. Let the Earth moves with a speed in a direction specified by an arrow (pic.1). As can be seen from the scheme of vectors shown on a picture , velocity of a meeting of a ray of light with the Earth is equal to a geometric difference of speed of light and speed of the Earth.
At a=0^{0}, С_{1}=СV; at a=180^{0 }С_{1}=С+V, and at a=90^{0} .
From a triangle formed by vectors we shall find a corner of an inclination of a beam С_{1} to the Earth.
At a = 0^{0} and a = 180^{0}, tgd = 0, and at a = 90^{0} tgd = V/C.
The ray of light is always perpendicular to front of a wave. Change of a direction of a beam С_{1} owing to movement of the Earth simultaneously speaks about change of a direction of front of a falling wave
Pic.1 Star aberration.
To contemporaries of Mickelson the law of reflection of waves of moving mirrors was not known. The accepted settlement schemes have no strict substantiation that is have approximate character. To make exact calculations we had been deduced the general law of reflection and refraction of waves.
Pic.2 Settlement schemes of Mickelsons experience.
At reflection of waves from a mirror which are being complex movement, the equation of group of secondary waves will enter the name in a following kind:
Pic.3 Reflection of a wave from anyway moving mirror.
Where x_{0}, y_{0} и t_{0} accordingly coordinates and time of a meeting of each beam with a mirror; x and y coordinates of points of secondary waves at considering moment of time; t time interval from the moment of radiation of waves till the moment of formation of the giving group.
The parametrical equations of the bending around giving group:
;
Where , and derived from x_{0}, y_{0} and t_{0 }
The direction of the reflected beam is defined by a direction of a normal to front of the reflected wave.
The law of reflection of waves from it is forward moving mirrors is a special case of the general law. Its conclusion can be made as follows. The mirror moving with a speed V during the moment of radiation of a wave is on distance S from a source. Each point of front of a wave will need a mirror through a time interval:
The equation of group of secondary waves from all points of a mirror looks like
Given group the circle with coordinates of the center , and radius is bending around
Pic.4 Reflection of spherical waves from a mirror moving forward.
Directions of the following and reflected beams are defined by normals accordingly to front falling and to front of the reflected wave. The normal to front of a falling wave is expressed by the equation
And to front of the reflected wave by the equation
Dependence between a corner of reflection β and corner of falling α is expressed by the formula:
(8)
On pic.5 exact schemes of distribution of rays of light in Mickelsons interpherometer are resulted, received by means of the law of reflection of waves from is forward moving mirrors.
pic. 5 Schemes of beams in Mickelsons interpherometer in view of the law of reflection of waves from moving mirrors.
Settlement schemes which were applied during carrying out of experience (pic.2), sharply differ from the schemes resulted on pic.5, but the expected effect according to both schemes approximately is identical. Thus, lead by Mickelson experiment with high degree proves to reliability, that the air environment of the Earth carries away an ether.
In Saniyaks experience rays of light are reflected from the mirrors which are being rotary movement. (pic. 6). If the ether did not take a great interest in a rotating installation the greatest difference of a course at counter beams would be observed at their movement on a circle with radius R:
Where V linear speed of points of installation on distance R from the center of rotation.
Actually observable difference of a course will well be coordinated with the formula (1):
(9)
Where wangular speed of rotation of installation; Sthe area limited by a circle with radius R. Thus, in experiment the optical effect of the first order is observed. According to the theory of not carried away ether rotation of installation causes optical effect of the second order.
Mickelsons experience has shown, that the ether takes a great interest in moving objects. At first sight it seems, that at a carried away ether of a difference of a course of beams in Saniyaks experience should not be. Actually it not so. Light extended in rotary installation, informs oscillatory movements to particles of substance and an ether. Particles fluctuate in a plane, perpendicular to a direction of a ray of light. On them simultaneously operate centrifugal and Koriolis's forces. Centrifugal forces for speed of distribution of light do not render influence. Koriolis's forces inform to fluctuated particles acceleration in a direction, perpendicular to a direction of fluctuations of particles and the return to a direction of rotation of installation. Speed of light extending in a direction of rotation of installation, under action of Koriolis's forces decreases, and speed of light extending in a underside increases.
The object moving rectilinearly and in regular intervals on a rotating disk under action of Koriolis's forces receives acceleration [2].
a = 2Vw.
Believing, that at distribution of light average peak speed fluctuated particles of an ether is equal
C/2, it is possible to write down
a = Cw.
If installation did not rotate, a beam radiated from point A, would get to a point b1 but as the ether takes a great interest the trajectory of a beam concerning installation will pass on a piece a1b1. Delay of speed of light to equivalently increase in a way of a beam at size
Where t time interval from the moment of an output of a beam from a point a till the moment of a meeting with mirror B in point B1; La way of a beam.
Pic.6 The Scheme of beams of Saniyaks experience
In a point b1 the ray of light, radiated as though not from a point а1, and from a point а2 will come. At detour of installation on all contour the way of a beam will increase for size
Where Sthe area of a contour.
The difference of a course between counter beams will be equal
That coincides with the formula (9). Thus and Saniyaks experience proves, that the ether carried away by moving objects.
After opening by Newton of the law of universal gravitation there was an opportunity to solve problem about movement cooperating. In the beginning such problems were solved only in astronomy, and in 1913 the Bohr has successfully described electrons movement in atom of hydrogen. In planetary systems of a body move under action of the central forces. The problem about movement of a body in the central power floor not for all cases is solved in elementary functions. Existing formulas are complex and inconvenient at practical use. They do not consider the effect of movement caused by finiteness of speed of distribution of interaction, equal speed of light. Newtons and Kulons laws are precisely carried out only for objects, motionless concerning an ether. Finiteness of speed of distribution of interaction the objects. For moving objects efficiency of interaction does not render influence on efficiency of interaction motionless depends on a parity between speed of light and speed of movement. Formulas of effect of movement are similar to formulas of Doplers effect in optics and acoustics. For a case when both cooperating objects move, the formula of effect of movement looks like:
а=а_{0}, (10)
Where аthe size depending on speed of movement of objects; _ and _  corners between directions of movement of a source and the receiver and a line connecting a point from which the signal has been sent by a source, with a point in which it has been accepted by the receiver, V and Uspeeds of movement of the receiver and a source. At counter movement of objects efficiency of interaction between them amplifies, and at removal from each other  is weakened.
The exact formulas considering effect of movement, are deduced by new original way. Laws of conservation of energy and the moment of quantity of movement are put in a basis of conclusions. Thus one more has been used new concept integral of energy of system of two cooperating objects which can be expressed or through the sizes concerning a body m1 or through sizes, concerning to an object m2 (pic.7);
Рис.7 Trajectories of movement of cooperating objects
; (11)
Where V_{1}orbital speed of a object m1; r_{1 } and l_{1} radius vector and length of the big axis of an elliptic orbit of a object m1; V_{2}, r_{2} and l_{2 } sizes for object m_{2}; r = r_{1}+r_{2} distance between objects m_{1} and m_{2}; m_{1}= fm_{2}; m_{2}= fm_{1}, f a gravitational constant, β_{1}=1+m_{1}/m_{2}; β_{2}=1+m/m_{1}.
The equations of orbits can be deduced from parities
; ,
Where j_{1} and j_{2}  true anomalies of objects m_{1 }and m_{2}. Orbital speeds V_{1}, V_{2} both their radial and tangential components Vr_{1}, Vr_{2}, Vt_{1} and Vt_{2}, we find by means of integrals of energy (11). After integration in a general view it is received:
For an elliptic orbit or
For a circular orbit
For a parabolic orbit or ;
For a hyperbolic orbit or ,
Where r_{n }and r_{a}  pericentral and apocentrak radiuses; l  length of greater axes of an ellipse and a hyperbole.
At movement of a object on an orbit the effect of movement should be considered by means of the formula (10). In atom movement of a kernel can be neglected and then for the sizes describing electrons movement on a circular orbit, it is possible to write down in the form of:
; (12)
Where a and bsizes which values increase or decrease owing to effect of movement. Letters with strokes and without strokes designate the sizes received according to the account and without taking into account effect of movement.
Electrons speed in atom also depends on effect of movement. It is possible to write down
(13)
Let's transform this formula
(14)
We are convinced, that
(15)
Formulas (12) allow to count with high accuracy not only parameters of circular orbits of electrons in atoms, but also parameters of circular orbits of planets and their satellites. At calculations it is necessary to use sizes both in view of and without taking into account effect of movement. By means of formulas (13) and (14) it is possible to pass easily from one sizes to another if one value of speed is known only: either V, or V . In view of equality (15) formulas (12) it is possible to present in a following kind:
; (16)
The stated theory is very simple, but allows to solve with high accuracy any problems in the nuclear physics. We shall show it in the beginning on an example of physical constants. Some constants which earlier have been certain experimentally, it is possible to calculate precisely under formulas. As initial data we shall take values of 4 constants [3]: speed of light m \with; an elementary charge ; weight of electron ; Bohrs radius . In table 1 the calculated and help values of constants are resulted for comparison.
Table 1
Physical constants
Constant 
Calculation 
Experiment 
Ionization potential, eV 
13,59829218 
13,5285 
Speed of electron ,m/s 
2,186500611 
 
Constant of thin structure 1/ 
137,0359895 
137,0359895 
Reedbergs Constant , м^{1} 
1,097373153 
1,097373153 
Planck's constant , Дж×с 
6,626075438 
6,6260755 
Cycle time of electron , с 
1,520657574 
 
Parameters of electrons orbit in atoms can be expressed through parameter of a Bohr orbit:
For circular orbit ; (17)
For ellipse orbit ; . (18)
;
Where  excentricity of ellipse, Zeffective charging number of a kernel, knumber of a stationary condition, norbital number. Index H we shall put at the sizes describing movement of electron on the first Bohr orbit. Full energy of system electron atom E and a cycle time of electron around of kernel T are equal:
Е=, . (19)
For example we shall result calculation of parameters of electrons orbits in atom of helium at a finding external electron in the first and in the second stationary conditions [4].
That electron in atom of helium has reached an optical limit, it is required to spend the energy equal 198310, 76 or 39, Дж.
The power balance can be expressed the following equation:
=39,3933902×10^{19} Дж
Where V^{/}_{1} and V^{/}_{2 } speeds of electrons in internal and external orbits; V^{/}_{1}_{в }  speed of electron in an internal orbit after removal external electron on last from possible orbits in atom of helium.
Having expressed speed of electrons through V_{Н}, last equation can be written down in the form of
=39,393390210^{19 } (20)
The multielectronic atom will be steady only in the event that cycle times of electrons will be multiple to a cycle time of electron in the lowermost orbit. In atom gels the cycle time external электрона T2 in 2 times is more than cycle time of internal electron T1. The formula (19) allows to write down
(21)
Having expressed z through z and having substituted values of other known sizes in the formula (20), we z= 1,391442257. Under formulas (17) and (21) it is found r_{ }= 0,380318565×10^{10 м}, V^{ }= 3,043551045×10^{6}м×с^{1}, z=1,967796512, r =0,268925832×10^{10 м},
V= 4,4231167×10^{6 }м×с^{1}
The attitude of a cycle time of external electron in the second stationary condition to a cycle time of electron in an internal orbit is equal
(22)
Approximate value z can be defined under the formula
Where Eenergy which is required for translation of external electron from not raised condition to raised.
Substituting in the formula (22) values z=1,2 и z=2, we find Х=22, .
Now the formula (20) can be written down in the form of
Where Е =38454,691 см^{1 }=7,63882226×10^{19}Дж.
Substituting in last equation known sizes, we find
z=1,204345354; z=1,997180828; V=1,31715367×10^{6}м×с^{1}; V=4,36850452×10^{6}м×с^{1}; r=1,75760656×10^{10}м; r=0,264969158×10^{10}м.
In table 2 key parameters of electrons orbits in atom of helium for two stationary conditions of external electron are resulted. On pic.8 are represented in scale of an electrons orbit and atom of helium.
Table 2
Parameters of electrons orbits in atom of helium
Stationary condition 
Type of an orbit and its number 
Number of electron 
Charging number of a kernel 
Full energy 
Cycle time 
Тк/Т1 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 

Circular 
1 2 
1,96779651 1,39144226 
84,39361119 42,19680582 
0,39256973 0,78513946 
2 

1 circular 
1 2 
1,99718083 1,20434535 
86,93286173 7,902989794 
0,38110303 8,38426675 
22 

2 circular 
1 2 
1,99918961 1,08822099 
87,10782517 6,452431524 
0,38033756 10,26911405 
27 

3 circular 
1 2 
2,00012509 1,03286015 
87,18936490 5,812624268 
0,37998186 11,39945595 
30 

4 circular 
1 2 
2,00012736 1,03286133 
87,18956281 5,812637549 
0,37998100 11,39943004 
30 

5 circular 
1 2 
1,99965704 0,99982852 
87,14856324 5,446785202 
0,38015976 12,16511244 
32 
Pic.8 Orbits of electrons in atom of helium
Calculation of parameters of orbits of multielectronic atoms can be made, using values ionization potentials and spectra optical and Xrays. At radiation of waves by multielectronic atoms full energy not only at that electron which has made transition from one orbit on another, but also at all others electrons changes. For such atoms Bohrs formula looks like:
(23)
Where z^{/}_{1}, z^{/}_{2}, , z^{/}_{i,} k_{1}, k_{2}, .., k_{i }  charging numbers and stationary conditions of electrons at not raised atom; z^{/}_{1B}, z^{/}_{2B}, , z^{/}_{iB}, k_{1}_{в}, k_{2}_{в}, , k_{i}_{в}  corresponding sizes at the raised atom.
The formula (23) is used for definition of lengths of the waves radiated by raised atoms. After some transformations it can be applied to calculation of parameters of electrons orbits complex atoms. Calculation is conducted in such sequence. In the beginning on values of the ionization potentials expressed in wave numbers, there are approximate values of effective charging numbers
Then frequency rates of cycle times of electrons under formulas are defined
Let's express by means of these formulas charging numbers of all electrons through charging number of external electrons. We shall substitute new expressions for charges in the formula (23). We shall receive the equation with one unknown persons
Now it is possible to define exact values z^{/}_{2}, z^{/}_{3}, , z^{/}_{i}, solving consistently problems for the atoms having 2, 3, i electrons. As it is specified above, knowing value z for electron, it is possible to define all parameters of its orbit. Parameters of orbits in not raised atoms of first twelve elements of the table of Mendeleyev are resulted in work [5].
For ions with identical number of electrons, but different charges of kernels carry out equality:
Where Е_{Н} ionization potential of atom of hydrogen, Е_{n+1}, Е_{n} и Е_{n1}  ionization potentials of ions of three elements located by a number, na serial number of an element, knumber of a stationary condition of external electrons in ions. The given formula does not consider effect of movement. She can use only in cases when electrons in atoms move with small speeds. To make exact calculations, in view of effect of movement, it is necessary to know speeds of movement of electrons in atoms. Speed of electron without taking into account effect of movement can be calculated under the formula [6]
(24)
Ionization potential in view of effect of movement will be equal
(25)
Last formula is received by means of integral of speed of system of two cooperating objects (11), but it can be deduced in another way.
The weight of electron is a constant, and its speed depends on effect of movement
(26)
In view of it the force acting on electron in atom is equal
(27)
Energy of electron is equal to work accomplished above it an electric field of a kernel.
Having substituted instead of F and V their values on (27) and (26), we find
Full energy of system electron atom will be equal
(Coincides with the formula received earlier (25))
In work [6] values of ionization potentials for 36 elements calculated under formulas (24), (25) are resulted. Results of calculations will well be coordinated with experimental data. By a technique stated above, it is possible to calculate parameters of orbits for all 36 elements. No basic difficulties are present for calculation of ionization potentials and parameters of electrons orbits at all elements of a periodic table.
Chemical and a number of physical properties of elements are caused by energy of communication of external electrons with atoms. Energy of communication and consequently, and properties have periodic dependence of a serial number of an element in Mendeleyev's table. If to compare the first potentials of ionization at all atoms [7] it is possible to allocate precisely 7 periods, as it is reflected in Mendeleyev's table. If to compare potentials of ionization at all ions to different charges of kernels, but with identical quantity of electrons as it is precisely possible to distinguish at elements of 12 periods known to us which are resulted in table 3. In the table 13th period for elements which it is possible also is resulted exist in the Universe in the conditions which are distinct from conditions of Solar system.
Table 3
The periodic law
The period 
Number of an element in the period 

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 

I 
H 
He 












II 
Li 
Be 
B 
C 
N 
O 
F 
Ne 






III 
Na 
Mq 
Al 
Si 
P 
S 
Cl 
Ar 






IV 
K 
Ca 
Sc 
Ti 
V 
Cr 
Mn 
Fe 
Co 
Ni 




V 
Cu 
Zn 
Ga 
Ge 
As 
Se 
Br 
Kr 






VI 
Rb 
Sr 
Y 
Zr 
Nb 
Mo 
Tc 
Ru 
Rh 
Pd 




VII 
Aq 
Cd 
Jn 
Sn 
Sb 
Te 
J 
Xe 






VIII 
Cs 
Ba 
La 
Cl 
Pr 
Nd 
Pm 
Sm 
Eu 
Gd 
Tb 
Ду 
Ho 
Er 
IX 
Tm 
Yb 
Lu 
Hf 
Ta 
W 
Rl 
Os 
Jr 
Pt 




X 
Au 
Hq 
Tl 
Pb 
Bi 
Po 
At 
Rn 






XI 
Fr 
Ra 
Ac 
Th 
Pa 
U 
Np 
Pu 
Am 
Cm 
Bk 
Cf 
Es 
Fm 
XII 
Md 
No 
Lr 
Ku 
Ns 
106 
107 
108 
109 
110 




XIII 
111 
112 
113 
114 
115 
116 
117 
118 






In table 4 it is shown, how there is a filling electronic layers in atoms of elements of 13th period, but on it it is possible to present, as there is a filling electronic layers in atoms of all other elements. The number of layers in atom corresponds to number of the period in which it is. The greatest possible number of electrons in a layer to equally number of elements in the period in which this layer is filled. In the first layer both electrons are in the first stationary condition. Eight electrons of the second layer are in the second stationary condition. Electrons the third and the fourth layers in the third, and electrons of all other layers in the fourth stationary condition.
Table 4
Distribution of electrons in atoms of 13th period.
Number of the element 
Number of the layer 

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 

k=1 
k=2 
k=3 
k=4 

111 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
1 
112 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
2 
113 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
3 
114 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
4 
115 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
5 
116 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
6 
117 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
7 
118 
2 
8 
8 
10 
8 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
14 
10 
8 
One period contains two elements in the specified periodic table of elements. Six periods contain on 8 elements. Four periods on 10 elements, and two periods on 14 elements. In some periods identical law of change of properties of elements is observed at increase in number of electrons in an external layer of atom. Such periods we shall name similar. So the second and third periods beginning alkaline elements are similar; 5th, 7th, 10th and 13th which begin with elements of group of copper; 4th, 6th, 9th, 12 contain on 10 elements; 8th and 11th contain on 14 elements.
For a particle, moving in the accelerator, the correct formula of kinetic energy can be deduced as follows. In process of increase in speed of a particle force from which the electric field on a particle operates, decreases and will be equal
F= =.
Considering effect of movement, we find
E_{k}=, (28)
Where xthe piece of the way which have been passed by the accelerated particle. At aspiration of speed of a particle to speed of light, kinetic energy of a particle will aspire to size mC^2/2, instead of to infinity as it follows from the formula (1).
At creation of powerful accelerators of the charged particles, owing to application of the incorrect theory rather juicy situation was created. Cost of such accelerators is very great, and the effect of increase in energy of particles is insignificant, therefore construction of such accelerators is not meaningful. The accelerator in Serpukhov can disperse protons till the speed 0,999950C, and the accelerator in Batavia (state of Illinois, the USA) informs protons the speed equal 0,999998C [8]. If to use formulas of the theory of a relativity the Serpukhovs accelerator informs protons the energy equal 76 GeV, and Batavian  500 GeV. According to our formula (28), in Serpukhovs accelerators protons get energy 469,089 MeV, and Batavian  469,134 MeV. Thus in comparison with Serpukhov it is much more than expense for manufacturing and service of Batavian accelerator, and additional energy which is got with protons makes only 45 keV.
Thus, adhering to the uniform concept of knowledge of the world surrounding us, based on true Newtons representation about space and time, we have created the theory, allowing to solve all problems which now are solved by means of modern physics. Calculations under our theory yield exact authentic results, and under the theory of modern physics  deformed, mismatching reality.
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